RSS

Category Archives: INDIAN RITUALS

Image

DIVINE VALENTINE DAY (मातृ-पितृ पूजन दिवस)

DIVINE VALENTINE DAY (मातृ-पितृ पूजन दिवस) 1607081_1430096507227599_1770054482_n 1546364_1430097943894122_488374987_n 1545753_1430097950560788_1964298459_n 1545108_1429934940577089_1486448706_n 1535714_1430104730560110_1232226596_n 1509924_1430104740560109_1740908183_n 1422454_1430104737226776_853411363_n  935120_1429935023910414_202336986_n 923433_1430104783893438_155815351_n 545990_1430104773893439_1737504698_n 3(1) 2(1) 1(1) 1621854_1430104713893445_2138128474_n 1607081_1430096507227599_1770054482_n  1545753_1430097950560788_1964298459_n 1545108_1429934940577089_1486448706_n 1535714_1430104730560110_1232226596_n 1509924_1430104740560109_1740908183_n 1422454_1430104737226776_853411363_n 998738_1430097967227453_952436431_n  923433_1430104783893438_155815351_n

मातृ-पितृ पूजन दिवस – 14 फरवरी

 

Tags: , , , , , , , , , ,

Vijayadashami (Dussehra) – A major Hindu Festival

dussehra-comment-022

Friends, we celebrate many festivals and we are able to learn many life values through them. If we put into practice these moral values then our life turns into an ideal and happy one. Each of our festivals is a lesson for living an ideal life. Dasara is celebrated on Ashwin Shukla paksha Dashami. In a year there are 3 and a half auspicious muhurts, out of which Dasara happens to be one. Let us learn the importance of this festival.

1. Dasara is a day to decide firmly to eradicate 10 personality defects

Dasara is also known as Dashahara. ‘Dash’ means 10 and ‘Hara’ means ‘defeated’. Shri Durgadevi fought a battle for 9 days, that is till the previous day of Dasara and gained control over all the ten Directions (Disha).

Friends, that is the day of Dasara. As Durgadevi slew the asuras, destroyed the evil, we too should make a firm decision on this day to eradicate any 10 personality defects present in us. That is like defeating 10 durgun (bad qualities) in us. That will be Dasara for us in the real sense. Dear friends, are you ready to do it?

2. Historical importance of Dasara

The day on which ShriRam defeated Ravan and Pandavas retrieved their weapons after completing their adnyatvas is the day of Dasara ! : In Tretayug (the second in the cycle of four Eras since the origin of the universe), Shri Ramchandra won against Ravan, that is the day of victory hence, the day is also known as Vijayadashami. In Dwaparyug (The third Era in the cycle of four Eras since the origin of the universe), after completing their adnyatvas (living in exile), Pandavas worshipped ‘Shakti’ and reclaimed their weapons which they had hidden on a shami tree.

One day Kautsa, on completion of his studies, wanted to give Guru-dakshina to his Guru, although the Guru had not asked for it. As Kautsa was poor the Guru declined. But Kautsa was very keen to give Guru-dakshina and repeatedly insisted. The Guru was so annoyed that He told Kautsa to give him 14 crores of gold coins. So Kautsa came to King Raghu and asked for 14 crores of gold coins. King Raghu (ShriRam’s ancestor) who was the king of Ayodhya then, had just performed the ‘Vishwajit’ yadnya. He had donated all his wealth and started living in a hut. King Raghu was himself penniless, but he did not want to send Kautsa empty handed. Raghu, reknowned for his generosity, decided to declare war on Kuber (the Deity of wealth) to get gold. Before that Kuber Himself showered Gold coins on the Shami and Apta trees under which King Raghu was camping. The following morning when Kautsa came King Raghu told him to take away all the gold coins that Kuber had showered on the trees. But Kautsa took only 14 crores from king Raghu and went away. The remaining gold coins were then distributed among King Raghu’s subjects.

3. Distributing leaves of an apta tree among the relatives and friends on Dasara day

In earlier times, maratha soldiers returning from conquests would bring the spoils of war which would consist of gold ornaments among other things. All these things that the soldier brought home would be offered to God and then distributed among the elders of the house, relatives and friends. We follow this tradition by distributing leaves of apta as a symbol of gold.

4. Worshipping weapons and other means (Upakaran)

4 A. King : Kings worship their weapons on this day. Weapons have to be worshipped with a bhav (Spiritual emotion) that each of them contains God’s element.

4 B. Farmers : Farmers also worship the tools which help them to till their farmland.

4 C. Students : Students worship their texts and note-books. Friends, we should worship our books, note-books, pencil etc. because they are our ‘weapons’. We should also learn to perceive God’s element in each of them. If these weapons are not there then we will not be able to do anything (i.e. study, gain knowledge). Hence, we should pay gratitude to them on the day of Dasara, as we can study, only because of these tools. Friends, these tools are symbols of Shri Saraswati Devi. On this day of Dasara, let us worship all the tools which help us to gain knowledge.

5. Asking pardon from the tools used in school-life

Some children are seen throwing their note-books, playing ‘pen-fights’, troubling others and also throwing their school-bags etc. This is very wrong. Friends, let us ask for pardon from all these implements on this day and pray to God to give us wisdom to refrain from insulting them. You will do this, wont you? Doing so would be celebrating Dasara in the true sense !

The Evening of the Dussehra is called “Vijay Kaal” (Period of Victory).
On this evening, instead of wandering around one should do Jap & Dhyan ( chanting & meditation). 
During this period do one round of chanting of the folloing Mantra by remembering Shri Hanuman Ji:

 “पवन तनय बल पवन समाना, बुद्धि विवेक विज्ञान निधाना ।

कवन सो काज कठिन जग माहि, जो नहीं होत तात तुम पाहि ॥”

Also by remembering Goddesses Durga, one should do the Jap (Chanting) of following Mantra:

“ॐ अपराजितायै नमः”

 

Tags: , , , , , , , , ,

Shree Ram and Squirrel- Importance of Satseva

r

ShriRam decided to wage war with Ravan to release Sita who was captured by Ravan. ShriRam started his travel to Lanka. He was accompanied by his brother Lakshman, and a large army of Vanars. On the way they came across a vast ocean which had to be crossed in order to reach Lanka. Rama attempted to calm the raging ocean by shooting his arrows into the waves. But the King of the Sea rose up and said, “The sea can not be overcome by force, but only by building a strong bridge.” So, Rama told his monkey soldiers to construct a stone bridge that could hold the weight of his entire army.

First few attempts failed as the rocks started slipping from ocean floor. Deity Hanuman then inscribed the words ShriRam on each stone. The stones started to float .

All the monkey-soldiers were carrying huge stones and enormous boulders with ShriRam written on them to the seaside. Thousands of monkeys worked ceaselessly and ShriRam was pleased. Then the ShriRam noticed that a small brown squirrel rushed up and down the hills to the shore carrying little pebbles in her mouth. The monkeys also saw the squirrel and they got angry. “Get out of our way,” they said “You are too small. Your efforts are not needed.”

The little squirrel looked up and said, “I am helping to build the bridge that will carry all of you and save Sita.” All the monkeys began to laugh and mock the little squirrel.

The squirrel answered, “I can not carry rocks or stones. But I can lift only small pebbles. This is what I can do to help. My heart weeps for Sita and I want to be of assistance.”

ShriRam picked up little squirrel in his fingers and stroked it’s back thus marking its skin with his fingers. “What truly matters is not the strength one has, but how large is one’s love and devotion.” In that moment, the monkeys realized that little pebbles were needed to be placed between the larger stones to keep the bridge from collapsing.

 
2 Comments

Posted by on October 10, 2013 in Faith & Devotion, INDIAN RITUALS

 

Tags: , , , , , , , , ,

Foreigners too realise the importance of Sanskrut language and gain advantage from it !

    Image

A.  On 26th April  2007, Dr. Abdul Kalam, the then President of Bharat, visited Greece. During the welcome ceremony, the President of Greece, Mr. Karolos Papoulias, started his speech with the Sanskrit sentence ‘Rashtrapati Mahabhag ! Susvagatam Yavandeshe !’. In his speech, he mentioned that  Sanskrit is an ancient language of India and that Greek language is related to this ancient language.

B. In July 2007 the ‘American Senate’ began its session by recital of Vedic prayer. This was the first time when such a thing had happened in the last 218 years of American history. The session  began with the Sanskrut prayer ‘Om Shanti Shanti Shanti’. This was like a slap in the face to the Nehru-Gandhi family who says that Sanskrut is a ‘Dead language’.

C. Sanskrut is studied and taught in various American Universities for several years. In the California University, Sanskrut has been  taught since  1897.

D. The California Senate session which began on 27th August 2007 started with the reciting of Sanskrut mantras.

E. Some students from Maryland University in America have formed a group named ‘Sanskrut-Bharati’ and they have even launched a website called ‘www.speaksanskrit.org’.

F. On 11th April 2010,  the American Senate began its session with the recital of Sanskrut sholkas.

The origin of all noble thoughts in the world has been Sanskrut language. Sanskrut is the only language which is complete, scientifically correct and  which is alive in its original form even after the passage of thousands of years !

 – Western academicians and University Scholars.

The need for learning Sanskrut

A Professor of Cambridge University was sitting in his cabin engrossed in some work. Suddenly, an annoyed and depressed soldier entered his room and openly blamed him, saying that he is not bothered about hundreds of soldiers like him who are depressed because of the hardships they had to face while fighting in the war against Germany.

The Professor asked him politely, “Why are you fighting?”

The soldier spontaneously replied, “Obviously, for the protection of our Nation!”

The Professor further asked him, “What is so important in it that you have to spill your own blood for that?”

“My Motherland and its Citizens.”

On further questioning, the soldier finally replied, “I am fighting for the protection of my culture.”

The Professor smiled and politely said, “Even I have contributed in the enrichment of this culture.”

The soldier calmed down. He bowed in respect before the Professor and vowed to fight with more vigour for the preservation of the Nation’s culture.

This incident took place when the British soldiers were fighting during the final phase of the 2nd world war. This shows that even the Westerners have intense love towards their culture. We Bharatiyas (Indians) too have deep respect for our ancient culture and heritage of our Nation. To sum up, it is essential to learn Sanskrut in order to preserve this rich culture of our Nation.

Even the Supreme Court has acknowledged that learning Sanskrut is essential for preserving the cultural identity of our Nation. There is no other option than learning Sanskrut if we want to understand the principles on which our culture is based upon. On the basis of the report of the Sanskrut Commission, the Supreme Court gave the verdict that, inspite of the vast diversity in the thinking of our citizens, there is one thing where there is no difference of opinions, all of them share the same view. That one thing is, a sense of pride for our Nation’s culture and tradition. Sanskrut is a reflection of this culture.

Greatness and Importance of Sanskrut

My little friends, do you know how great our ancient Devbhasha (Divine language) Sanskrut is? Sanskrut language has been created by God Himself. It is the mother of all languages in the world. Most of the languages all over the world have their roots in sanskrut. Even the Westerners have acknowledged the importance and greatness of this Divine language. Computer scientists around the world were in search of a language for use in computer programming that could be converted into 8 major languages of the world. They found out that only ‘Sanskrut’ could fulfil this criterion. The computer scientists have also said that Sanskrut is the most convenient language for computer software programming. All of our Holy scriptures, that is, the Vedas, the Upanishads, the Bhagwatgita, etc. are written in Sanskrut.

The great poets like Kalidas, Bhavbhuti, etc. wrote their poems in Sanskrut. Sanskrut language contains Chaitanya (Divine Consciousness). Even if one is unable to understand the meaning of a verse written in Sanskrut, one benefits from the Divine consciousness and purity present in the language. Since Sanskrut contains Divine consciousness, one might be troubled by distressing energies on chanting Sanskrut mantras. Sanskrut purifies the speech, mind and body.

So my friends, you must have realised how great and Divine our Sanskrut language is. Learn Sanskrut in order to preserve the Divinity of our rich Hindu culture. Request your school to include Sanskrit language in the curriculum.

 
 

Tags: , , , , ,

Navratri(A Festival of India)

Image

In our Hindu culture there are many Holy and religious festival. Celebration of festivals is an easy way of leading a happy and blissful life by showing our devotion towards God. Festivals are created by God to make everyone realise the power and existence of God and make all of us happy. Similarly, it enables us to lead an ideal life. However, presently we are unaware as to how to celebrate all these festivals in a scientific and appropriate manner as prescribed by the scriptures. Therefore, many inappropriate practices are witnessed during these festivals. Today, we will learn through this article how to celebrate the festival of Navratri in the appropriate manner and earn the blessings of the Goddess.

1. Science underlying the celebration of Navratri  

During the 9 days of Navratri, we worship the Goddesses Mahakali, Mahalakshmi and Mahasaraswati. Mahakali devi is worshipped for the first 3 days, Mahalakshmi devi for next 3 days, and Mahasaraswati devi for the last 3 days. Let us now see the science behind worshipping different Goddesses.

 

2. Science behind worshipping
the Goddesses during Navratri

2 A . Science behind worshipping Mahakalidevi during the first 3 days

2 A 1. Personal defects and bad qualities are our enemies which make our life unhappy and full of tension : Mahakalidevi is worshipped with an aim to protect us from dangers in life and to destroy our enemies. Friends, do you know who are our enemies in student life, who make our life unhappy and stressful ? Our personality defects and bad qualities are our enemies. The children who possess many personality defects cannot remain happy. The examples are given ahead.

2A 1A. Quarrelsome nature : If a child is quarrelsome, he will have very few friends and many enemies. Will such a child remain happy ? This means his main enemy is his quarrelsome behaviour. Friends, our personality defects are only our enemies. Let us pray to Mahakalidevi for the elimination of these defects.

2A 1B.  Laziness : Suppose a child has the personality defect of laziness. Such a child will not be able to complete his studies in time. Hence, his mind will be under constant tension and fear. The enemy of such a child is ‘laziness’.

2A 2. Pray to Mahakalidevi for elimination of personality defects : Friends, our personality defects are our only enemies which take us away from a happy life. Hence, let us worship Mahakalidevi during the first 3 days of Navratri and say the following prayer, ‘O Mahakali Mata, let me realise that my personality defects are my only enemies which take me away from a happy life. Help me to make constant and sincere efforts for elimination of these personal defects. This is my prayer unto your Holy feet.’

Friends, let us promise the Goddess that we shall make honest and sincere efforts to eliminate our personality defects.

2 B. Science behind worshipping Shri Mahalakshmidevi during the next 3 days : Friends, Mahalakshmidevi endows us with happiness, peace, and satisfaction. Hence, She is worshipped during the next 3 days, that is, from 4th to 6th day of Navratri.

2 C. Science behind worshipping Shri Saraswatidevi during the last 3 days

2 C 1. Saraswatidevi, the Deity of knowledge : During the last 3 days of Navratri, the Energy of Shri Saraswatidevi is active in a greater proportion; hence we should worship Her during that period. Shri Saraswatidevi is the Deity of knowledge and art, that is, She is one who endows upon us knowledge and art. During these 3 days, we should try to increase our virtues, as without increase in virtues we will not be able to acquire the grace of Saraswatidevi and thus be unable to grasp the knowledge and art bestowed upon us. Hence, let us pledge to make efforts to develop our virtues. Since this Goddess is most important in our life as students, we should say Her prayer everyday. The student is a worshipper of knowledge and art. Thus, since the energy of Saraswatidevi, the Deity of knowledge and art is active in a greater proportion during the last 3 days of Navratri, as a student it is very important to worship Her during that period.

2 C 2. Virtues essential for acquiring blessings of Shri Saraswatidevi : In order to receive blessings of Saraswatidevi we should posses the following virtues.

2 C 2A. Learning attitude : Friends, Saraswatidevi showers Her blessings on those who are constantly in a state of learning. We do not possess knowledge of all subjects. If we have an attitude to learn, we can learn different things from various persons, as every person possesses different virtues, knowledge, and arts. In your class, somebody knows how to draw and paint nicely, someone can sing better, somebody is expert in mathematics. If we have a learning attitude, we can learn different things from different students in our class.

2 C 2B. Intense yearning : We must have intense yearning to acquire knowledge and art. Let us pray to Saraswatidevi that, ‘Provide me with such intense yearning for knowledge, that in spite of facing several obstacles I shall be successful in acquiring knowledge.’

2 C 2C. Take guidance : To acquire knowledge about any subject, we should always take guidance from experts in that subject.

2 C 2D. Perseverance : Perseverance means taking constant efforts to acquire particular knowledge. Some children abandon the efforts to learn something, if they cannot understand it easily. Let us vow to imbibe the virtue of perseverance this Navratri.

2 C 2E. Behave as per Dharma : Some students copy answers written by other students in order to score more marks. This is a sort of theft and is against Dharma (Righteousness). Shri Saraswatidevi will never bless such a student. She showers Her blessings only on those who behave according to Dharma. Let us pray to Saraswatidevi, “Help me to always behave according to Dharma.”

2 C 2F. Humility : Without possessing the quality of humility, we cannot acquire knowledge and art. The knowledge appears suitable only to him who is humble. Saraswatidevi also loves the student who is humble. Friends, don’t you want to be liked by Saraswatidevi ? Then, let us resolve to acquire this virtue and pledge to behave with humility from today.

2 C 2G. Sharing knowledge with others : Friends, when we acquire some knowledge or art, the real pleasure lies in sharing it with others. Samarth Ramadas Swami has said that whatever knowledge you acquire, must be shared with others. Some students who do not follow this are called selfish. Saraswatidevi does not like such students.

Friends, let us try to possess all above virtues, only then it will mean celebrating Navratri festival in its real sense.

2 C 3. Features of the idol of Shri Saraswatidevi

2 C 3A. Four arms of the idol : The four arms represent four directions and indicate that the Goddess is all-encompassing.

2 C 3B. Holy books in Her hands : Goddess is a medium of acquiring knowledge. We can acquire knowledge by worshipping Her.

2 C 3C. Japmala (Chanting beads) in Her hand : This is a symbol of concentration. When you concentrate, you are able to acquire knowledge faster.

2 C 3D. Veena : Veena is a musical instrument. When we listen to music, we feel blissful and peaceful. When we acquire knowledge, we can actually experience bliss.

2 C 3E. Various ornaments of the Goddess : Ornaments are a symbol of prosperity. We can become prosperous by worshipping the Goddess.

Friends, today we have studied the essential virtues required for worshipping Shri Saraswatidevi and acquiring Her grace. We have also understood the significance of the various substances held in Her hand. So today, we will share this information with others.

3. Goddesses and their functions

A. Shri Mahasaraswati – Creation of the Universe

B. Shri Mahalakshmi – Maintenance

C. Shri Mahakali – Overcoming obstacles and destruction of enemies

4. Worshipping the Goddess

4 A. Tilak : Apply tilak (vermillion) to the Goddess using forefinger.

4 B. Flowers that attract the Goddess and Her Principle

 Shri Durgadevi  Mogara (Arabian jasmine)
 Shri Lakshmi   Rose
 Shri Saraswati  Ratarani (Night-blooming Cestrum)
 Shri Bhavani  Bhui Kamal (Lotus)
 Shri Ambamata  Parijat

1. The flowers to should be offered to the Goddess in proportion of one or nine and in a circular fashion.

2. Jasmine scent should be applied to Goddess.

3. The circumambulation pradakshina (circumambulation) around the Goddess should be performed in proportion of one or nine.

4 C. Goddesses and colours attracting them

Shri Durgadevi Red
Shri Lakshmi Yellow
Shri Saraswati White
Shri Kalika Purple

4 D. Why does the Goddess have 8 arms ? : The Goddess with 8 arms has weapons in her hands. The Goddess with 8 arms is called as Ashtabhujadevi, and is the destroyer form of Goddess.

4 E. Asking for Jogava with Goddess : Jogava (Alms asked by devotees of Goddess) is a kind of Dasya-bhakti (Devotion unto God as a servitor). In this, one has to surrender to the Goddess and forget one’s existence, and thus the ego becomes minimum. A bhav (spiritual emotion) of ‘I am the servant of the Goddess’ is developed.

4 F. The importance of ornaments of the Goddess : Friends, as per our Bharatiya culture every woman is a form of Goddess. Goddess has adorned all the ornaments. Goddess has bestowed women with a protection sheath in the form of ornaments in order to endow them with Her Divine energy.

So dear friends, if we ensure that every thought and action of ours is as per the wish of the Goddess, then not only will we be celebrating a fruitful Navratri, our qualities will increase and help us lead a blissful life ahead, is it not?

How to celebrate a pollution-free Navratri ?

Avoid the following acts during Navratri

1. Avoid use of thermocol : Many people use thermocol in the decoration of the Goddess. Thermocol does not dissolve in water. If burnt, it causes air pollution. Hence, its use should be avoided.

2. Do not burst fire crackers : It is inappropriate to burst fire crackers while carrying the idol home. The Goddess does not like sound pollution. By bursting fire crackers the Principle of Goddess gets destroyed and environment gets polluted.

3. Do not play film songs : It is inappropriate to play film songs before the idol of Goddess. Devotion and bhav (spiritual emotion) towards the Goddess will never develop through the music of film songs. Hence, we should oppose this.

4. Avoid dancing with unpleasant gestures : To perform Garba to the tune of film songs is wrong. It will not develop bhav and devotion towards the Goddess. Few individuals dance making ugly gestures while performing Garba. Friends, we should educate people against these wrong acts.

Celebrate Navratri in the following manner

1. Pollution-free decoration : Friends, use paper products while decorating the place where the idol is to be installed. Use festoons of flowers and leaves. These easily degrade in nature and do not cause any pollution.

2. Appropriate way to carry the idol to the place of installation : While carrying the idol, chant “Shri Durgadevyai Namah !”. Say chants hailing the Goddess.

3. Play devotional songs : When people listen to devotional songs, their bhav and devotion unto the Goddess is awakened and they experience Bliss.

4. Perform Garba on the tunes of devotional songs : While performing Garba, play devotional songs praising the Goddess in a ‘trital’ manner. While performing Garba, we should forget our own existence and get absorbed in the devotional songs of the Goddess.

         Friends, let us stop the inappropriate practices taking place during Navratri. Let us, and acquire knowledge and art by acquiring the blessings of Saraswatidevi. Let us obtain spiritual benefit by celebrating Navratri festival in the appropriate way as prescribed in the scriptures.

 

Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , ,

श्राद्ध महिमा

SHRADHDH

भारतीय संस्कृति की एक बड़ी विशेषता है कि जीते-जी तो विभिन्न संस्कारों के द्वारा, धर्मपालन के द्वारा मानव को समुन्नत करने के उपाय बताती ही है लेकिन मरने के बाद भी, अत्येष्टि संस्कार के बाद भी जीव की सदगति के लिए किये जाने योग्य संस्कारों का वर्णन करती है।

मरणोत्तर क्रियाओं-संस्कारों का वर्णन हमारे शास्त्र-पुराणों में आता है। आश्विन(गुजरात-महाराष्ट्र के मुताबिक भाद्रपद) के कृष्ण पक्ष को हमारे हिन्दू धर्म में श्राद्ध पक्ष के रूप में मनाया जाता है। श्राद्ध की महिमा एवं विधि का वर्णन विष्णु, वायु, वराह, मत्स्य आदि पुराणों एवं महाभारत, मनुस्मृति आदि शास्त्रों में यथास्थान किया गया है। उन्हीं पर आधारित पूज्यश्री के प्रवचनों को प्रस्तुत पुस्तक में संकलित किया गया है ताकि जनसाधारण ‘श्राद्ध महिमा’ से परिचित होकर पितरों के प्रति अपना कर्त्तव्य-पालन कर सके।

दिव्य लोकवासी पितरों के पुनीत आशीर्वाद से आपके कुल में दिव्य आत्माएँ अवतरित हो सकती हैं। जिन्होंने जीवन भर खून-पसीना एक करके इतनी साधन-सामग्री व संस्कार देकर आपको सुयोग्य बनाया उनके प्रति सामाजिक कर्त्तव्य-पालन अथवा उन पूर्वजों की प्रसन्नता, ईश्वर की प्रसन्नता अथवा अपने हृदय की शुद्धि के लिए सकाम व निष्काम भाव से यह श्राद्धकर्म करना चाहिए।

श्राद्ध महिमा

हिन्दू धर्म में एक अत्यंत सुरभित पुष्प है कृतज्ञता की भावना, जो कि बालक में अपने माता-पिता के प्रति स्पष्ट परिलक्षित होती है। हिन्दू धर्म का व्यक्ति अपने जीवित माता-पिता की सेवा तो करता ही है, उनके देहावसान के बाद भी उनके कल्याण की भावना करता है एवं उनके अधूरे शुभ कार्यों को पूर्ण करने का प्रयत्न करता है। ‘श्राद्ध-विधि’ इसी भावना पर आधारित है।

मृत्यु के बाद जीवात्मा को उत्तम, मध्यम एवं कनिष्ठ कर्मानुसार स्वर्ग नरक में स्थान मिलता है। पाप-पुण्य क्षीण होने पर वह पुनः मृत्युलोक (पृथ्वी) में आता है। स्वर्ग में जाना यह पितृयान मार्ग है एवं जन्म-मरण के बन्धन से मुक्त होना यह देवयान मार्ग है।

पितृयान मार्ग से जाने वाले जीव पितृलोक से होकर चन्द्रलोक में जाते हैं। चंद्रलोक में अमृतान्न का सेवन करके निर्वाह करते हैं। यह अमृतान्न कृष्ण पक्ष में चंद्र की कलाओं के साथ क्षीण होता रहता है। अतः कृष्ण पक्ष में वंशजों को उनके लिए आहार पहुँचाना चाहिए, इसीलिए श्राद्ध एवं पिण्डदान की व्यवस्था की गयी है। शास्त्रों में आता है कि अमावस के दिन तो पितृतर्पण अवश्य करना चाहिए।

आधुनिक विचारधारा एवं नास्तिकता के समर्थक शंका कर सकते हैं किः “यहाँ दान किया गया अन्न पितरों तक कैसे पहुँच सकता है?”

भारत की मुद्रा ‘रुपया’ अमेरिका में ‘डॉलर’ एवं लंदन में ‘पाउण्ड’ होकर मिल सकती है एवं अमेरिका के डॉलर जापान में येन एवं दुबई में दीनार होकर मिल सकते हैं। यदि इस विश्व की नन्हीं सी मानव रचित सरकारें इस प्रकार मुद्राओं का रुपान्तरण कर सकती हैं तो ईश्वर की सर्वसमर्थ सरकार आपके द्वारा श्राद्ध में अर्पित वस्तुओं को पितरों के योग्य करके उन तक पहुँचा दे, इसमें क्या आश्चर्य है?

मान लो, आपके पूर्वज अभी पितृलोक में नहीं, अपित मनुष्य रूप में हैं। आप उनके लिए श्राद्ध करते हो तो श्राद्ध के बल पर उस दिन वे जहाँ होंगे वहाँ उन्हें कुछ न कुछ लाभ होगा। मैंने इस बात का अनुभव करके देखा है। मेरे पिता अभी मनुष्य योनि में हैं। यहाँ मैं उनका श्राद्ध करता हूँ उस दिन उन्हें कुछ न कुछ विशेष लाभ अवश्य हो जाता है।

मान लो, आपके पिता की मुक्ति हो गयी हो तो उनके लिए किया गया श्राद्ध कहाँ जाएगा? जैसे, आप किसी को मनीआर्डर भेजते हो, वह व्यक्ति मकान या आफिस खाली करके चला गया हो तो वह मनीआर्डर आप ही को वापस मिलता है, वैसे ही श्राद्ध के निमित्त से किया गया दान आप ही को विशेष लाभ देगा।

दूरभाष और दूरदर्शन आदि यंत्र हजारों किलोमीटर का अंतराल दूर करते हैं, यह प्रत्यक्ष है। इन यंत्रों से भी मंत्रों का प्रभाव बहुत ज्यादा होता है।

देवलोक एवं पितृलोक के वासियों का आयुष्य मानवीय आयुष्य से हजारों वर्ष ज्यादा होता है। इससे पितर एवं पितृलोक को मानकर उनका लाभ उठाना चाहिए तथा श्राद्ध करना चाहिए।

भगवान श्रीरामचन्द्रजी भी श्राद्ध करते थे। पैठण के महान आत्मज्ञानी संत हो गये श्री एकनाथ जी महाराज। पैठण के निंदक ब्राह्मणों ने एकनाथ जी को जाति से बाहर कर दिया था एवं उनके श्राद्ध-भोज का बहिष्कार किया था। उन योगसंपन्न एकनाथ जी ने ब्राह्मणों के एवं अपने पितृलोक वासी पितरों को बुलाकर भोजन कराया। यह देखकर पैठण के ब्राह्मण चकित रह गये एवं उनसे अपने अपराधों के लिए क्षमायाचना की।

जिन्होंने हमें पाला-पोसा, बड़ा किया, पढ़ाया-लिखाया, हममें भक्ति, ज्ञान एवं धर्म के संस्कारों का सिंचन किया उनका श्रद्धापूर्वक स्मरण करके उन्हें तर्पण-श्राद्ध से प्रसन्न करने के दिन ही हैं श्राद्धपक्ष। श्राद्धपक्ष आश्विन के (गुजरात-महाराष्ट्र में भाद्रपद के) कृष्ण पक्ष में की गयी श्राद्ध-विधि गया क्षेत्र में की गयी श्राद्ध-विधी के बराबर मानी जाती है। इस विधि में मृतात्मा की पूजा एवं उनकी इच्छा-तृप्ति का सिद्धान्त समाहित होता है।

प्रत्येक व्यक्ति के सिर पर देवऋण, पितृऋण एवं ऋषिऋण रहता है। श्राद्धक्रिया द्वारा पितृऋण से मुक्त हुआ जाता है। देवताओं को यज्ञ-भाग देने पर देवऋण से मुक्त हुआ जाता है। ऋषि-मुनि-संतों के विचारों को आदर्शों को अपने जीवन में उतारने से, उनका प्रचार-प्रसार करने से एवं उन्हे लक्ष्य मानकर आदरसहित आचरण करने से ऋषिऋण से मुक्त हुआ जाता है।

पुराणों में आता है कि आश्विन(गुजरात-महाराष्ट्र के मुताबिक भाद्रपद) कृष्ण पक्ष की अमावस (पितृमोक्ष अमावस) के दिन सूर्य एवं चन्द्र की युति होती है। सूर्य कन्या राशि में प्रवेश करता है। इस दिन हमारे पितर यमलोक से अपना निवास छोड़कर सूक्ष्म रूप से मृत्युलोक में अपने वंशजों के निवास स्थान में रहते हैं। अतः उस दिन उनके लिए विभिन्न श्राद्ध करने से वे तृप्त होते हैं।

सुनी है एक कथाः महाभारत के युद्ध में दुर्योधन का विश्वासपात्र मित्र कर्ण देह छोड़कर ऊर्ध्वलोक में गया एवं वीरोचित गति को प्राप्त हुआ। मृत्युलोक में वह दान करने के लिए प्रसिद्ध था। उसका पुण्य कई गुना बढ़ चुका था एवं दान स्वर्ण-रजत के ढेर के रूप में उसके सामने आया।

कर्ण ने धन का दान तो किया था किन्तु अन्नदान की उपेक्षा की थी अतः उसे धन तो बहुत मिला किन्तु क्षुधातृप्ति की कोई सामग्री उसे न दी गयी। कर्ण ने यमराज से प्रार्थना की तो यमराज ने उसे 15 दिन के लिए पृथ्वी पर जाने की सहमति दे दी। पृथ्वी पर आकर पहले उसने अन्नदान किया। अन्नदान की जो उपेक्षा की थी उसका बदला चुकाने के लिए 15 दिन तक साधु-संतों, गरीबों-ब्राह्मणों को अन्न-जल से तृप्त किया एवं श्राद्धविधि भी की। यह आश्विन (गुजरात महाराष्ट्र के मुताबिक भाद्रपद) मास का कृष्णपक्ष ही था। जब वह ऊर्ध्वलोक में लौटा तब उसे सभी प्रकार की खाद्य सामग्रियाँ ससम्मान दी गयीं।

धर्मराज यम ने वरदान दिया किः “इस समय जो मृतात्माओं के निमित्त अन्न जल आदि अर्पित करेगा, उसकी अंजलि मृतात्मा जहाँ भी होगी वहाँ तक अवश्य पहुँचेगी।”

जो निःसंतान ही चल बसें हों उन मृतात्माओं के लिए भी यदि कोई व्यक्ति इन दिनों में श्राद्ध-तर्पण करेगा अथवा जलांजलि देगा तो वह भी उन तक पहुँचेगी। जिनकी मरण तिथि ज्ञात न हो उनके लिए भी इस अवधि के दौरान दी गयी अंजलि पहुँचती है।

वैशाख शुक्ल 3, कार्तिक शुक्ल 9, आश्विन (गुजरात-महाराष्ट्र के मुताबिक भाद्रपद) कृष्ण 12 एवं पौष (गुजरात-महाराष्ट्र के मुताबिक मार्गशीर्ष) की अमावस ये चार तिथियाँ युगों की आदि तिथियाँ हैं। इन दिनों में श्राद्ध करना अत्यंत श्रेयस्कर है।

श्राद्धपक्ष के दौरान दिन में तीन बार स्नान एवं एक बार भोजन का नियम पालते हुए श्राद्ध विधि करनी चाहिए।

जिस दिन श्राद्ध करना हो उस दिन किसी विशिष्ट व्यक्ति को आमंत्रण न दें, नहीं तो उसी की आवभगत में ध्यान लगा रहेगा एवं पितरों का अनादर हो जाएगा। इससे पितर अतृप्त होकर नाराज भी हो सकते हैं। जिस दिन श्राद्ध करना हो उस दिन विशेष उत्साहपूर्वक सत्संग, कीर्तन, जप, ध्यान आदि करके अंतःकरण पवित्र रखना चाहिए।

जिनका श्राद्ध किया जाये उन माता, पिता, पति, पत्नी, संबंधी आदि का स्मरण करके उन्हें याद दिलायें किः “आप देह नहीं हो। आपकी देह तो समाप्त हो चुकी है, किंतु आप विद्यमान हो। आप अगर आत्मा हो.. शाश्वत हो… चैतन्य हो। अपने शाश्वत स्वरूप को निहार कर हे पितृ आत्माओं ! आप भी परमात्ममय हो जाओ। हे पितरात्माओं ! हे पुण्यात्माओं ! अपने परमात्म-स्वभाव का स्मऱण करके जन्म मृत्यु के चक्र से सदा-सदा के लिए मुक्त हो जाओ। हे पितृ आत्माओँ ! आपको हमारे प्रणाम हैं। हम भी नश्वर देह के मोह से सावधान होकर अपने शाश्वत् परमात्म-स्वभाव में जल्दी जागें…. परमात्मा एवं परमात्म-प्राप्त महापुरुषों के आशीर्वाद आप पर हम पर बरसते रहें…. ॐ….ॐ…..ॐ….”

सूक्ष्म जगत के लोगों को हमारी श्रद्धा और श्रद्धा से दी गयी वस्तु से तृप्ति का एहसास होता है। बदले में वे भी हमें मदद करते हैं, प्रेरणा देते हैं, प्रकाश देते हैं, आनंद और शाँति देते

हैं। हमारे घर में किसी संतान का जन्म होने वाला हो तो वे अच्छी आत्माओं को भेजने में सहयोग करते हैं। श्राद्ध की बड़ी महिमा है। पूर्वजों से उऋण होने के लिए, उनके शुभ आशीर्वाद से उत्तम संतान की प्राप्ति के लिए श्राद्ध किया जाता है।

आजादी से पूर्व काँग्रेस बुरी तरह से तीन-चार टुकड़ों में बँट चुकी थी। अँग्रेजों का षडयंत्र सफल हो रहा था। काँग्रेस अधिवेशन में कोई आशा नहीं रह गयी थी कि बिखरे हुए नेतागण कुछ कर सकेंगे। महामना मदनमोहन मालवीय, भारत की आजादी में जिनका योगदान सराहनीय रहा है, यह बात ताड़ गये कि सबके रवैये बदल चुके हैं और अँग्रेजों का षडयंत्र सफल हो रहा है। अतः अधिवेशन के बीच में ही चुपके से खिसक गये एक कमरे में। तीन आचमन लेकर, शांत होकर बैठ गये। उन्हें अंतः प्रेरणा हुई और उन्होंने श्रीमदभागवदगीता के गजेन्द्रमोक्ष’ का पाठ किया।

बाद में थोड़ा सा सत्संग प्रवचन दिया तो काँग्रेस के सारे खिंचाव-तनाव समाप्त हो गये एवं सब बिखरे हुए काँग्रेसी एक जुट होकर चल पड़े। आखिर अंग्रेजों को भारत छोड़ना ही पड़ा।

काँग्रेस के बिखराव को समाप्त करके, काँग्रसियों को एकजुट कर कार्य करवानेवाले मालवीयजी का जन्म कैसे हुआ था?

मालवीयजी के जन्म से पूर्व हिन्दुओं ने अंग्रेजों के विरुद्ध जब आंदोलन की शुरुआत की थी तब अंग्रेजों ने सख्त ‘कर्फ्यू’ जारी कर दिया था। ऐसे दौर में एक बार मालवीयजी के पिता जी कहीं से कथा करके पैदल ही घर आ रहे थे।

उन्हें मार्ग में जाते देखकर अंग्रेज सैनिकों ने रोका-टोका एवं सताना शुरु किया। वे उनकी भाषा नहीं जानते थे और अंग्रेज सैनिक उनकी भाषा नहीं जानते थे। मालवीय जी के पिता ने अपना साज निकाला और कीर्तन करने लगे। कीर्तन से अंग्रेज सैनिकों को कुछ आनंद आया और इशारों से धन्यवाद देते  हुए उन्होंने कहा किः “चलो, हम आपको पहुँचा देते हैं।” यह देखकर मालवीयजी के पिता को हुआ किः “मेरे कीर्तन से प्रभावित होकर इन्होंने मुझे तो हैरान करना बन्द कर दिया किन्तु मेरे भारत देश के लाखों-करोड़ों भाईयों का शोषण हो रहा है, इसके लिए मुझे कुछ करना चाहिए।”

बाद में वे गया जी गये और प्रेमपूर्वक श्राद्ध किया। श्राद्ध के अंत में अपने दोनों हाथ उठाकर पितरों से प्रार्थना करते हुए उन्होंने कहाः ‘हे पितरो ! मेरे पिण्डदान से अगर आप तृप्त हुए हों, मेरा किया हुआ श्राद्ध अगर आप तक पहुँचा हो तो आप कृपा करके मेरे घर में ऐसी ही संतान दीजिए जो अंग्रेजों को भगाने का काम करे और मेरा भारत आजाद हो जाये…..।’

पिता की अंतिम प्रार्थना फली। समय पाकर उन्हीं के घर मदनमोहन मालवीय जी का जन्म हुआ।

 
 
 
%d bloggers like this: